This book is the outcome of a seminar organised by the Council of Social Sciences (COSS) on June 9, 2001 to understand the state of science and technology in Pakistan. Several well-known Pakistani scientists and social scientists participated in the seminar and later submitted their papers to the COSS for publication.
The papers in the book examine several important questions concerning the development of science and technology which, with some odd exceptions, have not been raised and answered before in Pakistan. They include why has science and technology in Pakistan not achieved a level of development commensurate with its human and financial resources? what specific conditions have obstructed the development of science in the country? what role the character of state, social structure and cultural patterns of Pakistani society has played in determining both the direction and pace of development of science? what particular interests have shaped the formulation of the science policy of the country and whether the needs of less privileged strata are incorporated in it or not.
Born in 1931 in a village in district Hafizabad, Punjab, Dr. Inayatullah has master degrees in economics and sociology and Ph.D in Political Science. Most of his career was with research institutions of United Nations including United
Nations Research Institute for Social Development (Geneva) and Asian Pacific Development Centre, Kaula Lumpur. In Pakistan he worked with Pakistan Academy for Rural Development, Peshawar, and founded the International Relations Department of Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad.
He has diverse academic and research interests that include Rural Development, Development Administration, Conceptualisation of Development, Ethnicity and Political Development, Democracy in Pakistan, Elections in Pakistan, Participation of Women in Politics, Evaluation of Social Sciences in Pakistan, Nuclearisation of South Asia, Development of Science in Muslim Societies among others. Since his retirement from UN in 1984, he has been actively associated with human rights and peace movements in Pakistan. Herevived Society for International Development and founded campaign for Nuclear Sanity. With the help of others social scientists he is currently running Islamabad Social Science, Forum and Council of Social Sciences, Pakistan and is actively associated with Islamabad Cultural Forum.
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